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Peso is referred to the currency unit of several other countries such as Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Uruguay, Cuba, Dominican Republic and Philippines. Firstly, this term ‘peso’ originated in Spain meaning ‘weight’ and later this became Spain currency and was based to the silver weight. Mexican peso is considered to be an important currency.
The national currency of Mexico is the Mexican peso that is denoted with ‘$’ sign.
However, this is depicted as ‘Mex$’ as it helps in differentiating the US dollar. The sub-unit of peso is the centavo = 1/100th of 1 peso unit. The currency code is MXN and 484 the numeric code as per ISO 4217 standards.
Mexican Peso is in use since its independence in 1821. It was a popular currency and was also used as trade coin in Mexico and also across North America, Pacific Islands, China and South East Asia. Some milestones are attached as it used coins with distinct borders so that they also worked as security measures and made a record first time in the history by minting all coins in exact weights. In 1994, Mexican peso faced hiccups encountering a major crisis and the currency was floated. However, it recovered in 1995 and is doing fairly good since then.
The economy is good among the Latin American countries.
Use of peso beyond Mexico
The Mexican peso was extensively used in the early United States. During July 6, 1785, the United States dollar value was nearly matching the Spanish dollars that were based on the silver weight of the coins. In fact, the peso was used and recognized officially in other foreign coins until 1857 February 21, and even U.S. dollar coins were issued only after April 2, 1792. Canada until 1854 circulated the foreign silver coins and Mexican peso served as the Straits dollar, Japanese yen, Hong Kong dollar and Chinese yuan.
Mexican pesos are accepted as currency in some border areas of the U.S, especially in the supermarkets. In fact, in the year 2007, Pizza Patron, one of the pizza restaurants chain accepted this currency in the southwestern U.S. and became a controversial topic.
However, other than the Belizean and Guatemalan border towns and the U.S, the pesos are not accepted as currency.