American Dollar Currency
The United States of America dollar sign is $ or is abbreviated as US$ or USD as the official currency. This helps in differentiating other dollar denominated currencies using $ as symbol from American Dollar.
The United States of America is also known as the U.S, or the U.S.A. This federal constitutional republic comprises of fifty states and one federal district. Washington D.C is the capital district sited between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the country has forty-eight states in central North America.
The initial dollar coins were identical in composition and size to the Spanish dollar. The American Dollar was created in 1792 by the Coinage Act. The coins during the Coinage Act were of gold and silver and were relatively valued for buying or selling goods. The earlier currencies did not represent presidents faces as of now, but George Washington did not appreciate having his face representing currency.
New dollars are issued to fund debt purchase, basically treasury bonds and thereby new dollars come into circulation when the bond issuer expends the money. In comparison to gold or silver hard money, this has a better approach in turning the currency elastic.
America is an ethnically diverse nation having the large-scale immigrants and is the largest national economy in the world with GDP $14.3 trillion in 2009. The American dollar in the international markets is the standard currency unit for gold and petroleum. The American dollar is the foremost reserve currency. The dollar is widely used in international transactions and is the world’s reserve currencies.
The dollar is uses as official currency in several countries and many others use it as the de facto currency. However, it is the sole currency of some British Overseas Territories.
Current market trend
The American dollar is on a relentless slide to as low as 76.90 representing 14% fall within 4 months. However, it is continuously proposed to set this deflation into new highs with dollar peaking. The in-depth analysis is expected to conclude USD index by mid 2011.
Speaking of international usage, the American dollar has equal importance with the euro. Despite recent losses the dollar is still far ahead in the major international usage.